what is a web developer?

Web developers use programming languages to create websites and web applications. In some cases, a design team creates the website design, and the developer's job is to turn it into a functional website. In other cases, the developer must work with the client to understand their needs and preferences and design the website accordingly.

As a web developer, you are responsible for writing the programming code that controls the website's functionality. This includes ensuring that users can easily navigate the site and perform various functions, such as filling out forms, making payments or subscribing to newsletters.

It is essential for you as a web developer to have a strong grasp of web servers and technologies. You need to be familiar with several programming languages required to create a website. Some of the coding languages used for building modern websites include HTML, CSS, and JavaScript. As new languages emerge, it's crucial to stay updated and adapt to new trends to remain competitive in the field.

In addition to designing the user interface and layout, a web developer needs to keep the site up-to-date with fresh content and updates to improve its functionality. Regular security updates are crucial to ensure the site's protection from cyber threats and maintain its smooth performance.

Would working as a web developer suit your passion for coding and designing websites? Then read on to find out what competencies and qualifications you need to thrive in a web developer role.

view jobs near you

average web developer salary

Web developers are paid quite handsomely. In a world where technology grows at an exponential rate and more and more businesses move into the digital space, the high demand for web developers means high salaries. The average salary for a web developer is $70,500 a year.

what affects the salary of a web developer?

The earnings of web developers are influenced by several factors, including their location, company size, educational requirements and experience level. Typically, compensation packages are tied to the local salary rates, which can vary widely due to differences in the cost of living. For instance, web developers working in major cities can expect better pay due to the high demand for their skills and the higher cost of living. Even if you work remotely, your location can still impact your pay rates.

Company size is another factor to consider when evaluating potential salary rates. Multinational corporations have deeper pockets and often offer more competitive compensation packages than start-ups, which may have limited budgets. In addition, your skillset and years of experience can affect your earnings. Entry-level positions typically offer lower salaries, but additional soft skills or management experience can increase your earning potential.

man smiling in the office
man smiling in the office

types of web developers

There are actually several different types of web developers, each with their own area of expertise and skills.

  • Front-end developer: As a front-end developer, your primary responsibility is to develop and design the visual elements and technical features of a website, such as the layout, graphics and content to enhance the user experience.
  • Back-end developer: A back-end developer is responsible for the technical aspects of a website, including server-side frameworks, databases and APIs, among others. You establish procedures that allow users to access various functions on the site.
  • Full-stack developer: As a full-stack developer, you perform both front-end and back-end functions to complete the design and write code that guides the website's functionality based on the client's needs.
  • Java developer: Java developers write codes using the Java programming language that controls and enhances website functions. While most Java developers work on the front-end layout, the language is not limited to just the user interface.
  • Webmaster: As a webmaster, you are responsible for updating and maintaining websites. You test for errors and broken links and ensure that websites function correctly.

working as a web developer

If you’re interested in finding out about what a web developer’s job entails, the following section has you covered. Read on to learn about your duties, responsibilities and general work environment as a web developer.


web developer skills and education

Many web developers choose to pursue a bachelor's degree in computer science, computer engineering or information technology. Taking classes in digital media, design or graphic design can also help you acquire desired skills and enhance your job prospects. For those interested in gaining hands-on experience, internships during and after college can be a great way to transition into a full-time position.

Now for some good news: it is possible to become a web developer without a degree! Some accredited universities or established institutions offer “boot camps” or certification courses that can teach you web development skills and even help you secure an entry-level job. If you choose to go this route, it is important to develop a strong portfolio of work and to dedicate yourself to studying extra hard in order to stand out among the competition.

skills and competencies

  • Communication skills: You'll work with various stakeholders to design websites, so being a good listener and being able to explain technical requirements to clients in a non-technical language is essential. You may also need to present to design teams, making strong communication skills critical.
  • Continuous learning: Staying up-to-date with new techniques and emerging technologies is vital for success as a web developer. A passion for web design and natural curiosity will help you keep up with the latest designs and scripts.
  • Attention to detail: Checking your code for bugs and fixing problems regularly is a must for web developers. Perfectionism can be a valuable trait in this field, as it drives continuous improvement of a website.
  • Organization and time management skills: Managing multiple projects requires strong organizational skills to stay on top of tasks and workflows. Good time management will help you develop a work schedule and meet deadlines.

FAQs about working as a web developer

Here you'll find answers to the most frequently asked questions about web developers.

thank you for subscribing to your personalised job alerts.